When your hot water heater starts to leakage, you need to replace it fast. We’ll show you exactly how to install your very own gas hot water heater in less than a day. Even if you don’t need a new water heater right now, chances are you will certainly within the following couple of years. Hot water heater often tend to last 7 to 15 years. If yours is getting old, this write-up is also for you. Changing a hot water heater isn’t hard if you’re handy with basic devices as well as have a little bit of experience soldering copper.
Pipe thread compound
Pressure relief valve
Venting pipe and also connectors
Water and also gas piping
Getting Started Installing Your New Hot Water Tank
We’re changing a natural gas water heater in our demonstration. The actions for replacing a propane water heater are exactly the very same, as well as those for an electrical hot water heater are similar.
Regardless, when you’re planning a hot water heater substitute, play it safe. Call your local division of inspections and ask if you require an authorization. As well as ensure a plumbing or electric examiner checks your work.
Installment Costs and Labor
Plumbing technicians typically charge $45 to $65 an hour and also can usually install a water heater in a day or in 6-8 hrs.
The majority of residential water heaters set you back $150 to $400 for either gas or electrical, plus $200 to $450 if you have a plumbing mount it. Much more pricey gas hot water heater with unique venting systems also are available. But they’re harder to set up, as well as we won’t manage them right here.
Water Heater Parts as well as Breakdown
Cold water shutoff valve
Temperature and also pressure relief valve
Warm water electrical outlet
Anticorrosion Anode Pole
Drain pipes valve
Thermostat or control valve
Gas supply valve
When to obtain a brand-new hot water heater
Your hot water heater is dead when the container leakages. The indication that your water heater requires replacing is a slow drip beneath, normally showing up as a path of rusty water. This means that the steel container has actually rusted through as well as can’t be dealt with. Various other signs and symptoms, such as inadequate or no hot water, typically signal various other water heater repair troubles that you can repair.
If you find a drip, plan to replace the hot water heater right away. Do not wait up until the leakage gets negative.
New water heaters come with installment directions and great deals of cautions to make sure you manage the gas, electrical and also various other links securely. In this short article, we’ll supplement those essentials with techniques as well as “real world” advice from numerous specialist plumbing technicians.
Yet take heed: You’ll be collaborating with natural gas, propane or electrical energy, every one of which are hazardous. If you don’t feel great, hire a pro to care for the hard components. And also have your work examined when it’s done.
Pipes codes differ by area. Explain your planned installation to your regional pipes inspector, including the kinds of products you plan to utilize for your new connections. Better to get guidance initially so you do not have to change things later on!
Figure A: Gas Hot Water Heater Information
To print out this photo, see the Extra Details at the end of this short article.
Figure B: Connections for Steel and also Plastic Pipe
FAMILY MEMBERS HANDYMAN
Several residences have galvanized steel or plastic (CPVC) water pipelines. Galvanized steel pipes are challenging to change. We suggest that you get rid of the pipes back to the nearest tee, screw on a plastic-lined galvanized nipple as well as complete the connections with copper as shown in our image series.
As a result of prospective heat build-up, maintain plastic pipeline a minimum of 6 in. away from the vent and storage tank. Make a transition from plastic to copper with an unique coupling that’s available anywhere CPVC is offered.
Flexible copper adapters are easier to install than solid copper, particularly when the existing pipelines and the storage tank inlets don’t line up. But not all neighborhood codes enable them. If yours does, take special treatment not to pinch or kink them. You can obtain a leak.
How To Enhance Garden Dirt in WinterPlay symbol
Exactly How To Improve Garden Soil in Winter
Exactly how to Readjust Your Water Heater’s TemperaturePlay symbol
Exactly how to Adjust Your Water Heater’s Temperature
How to Check Your Water Heater ElementPlay icon
Exactly how to Evaluate Your Water Heater Component
Enroll in Our E-newsletter
Full do it yourself jobs like a pro! Register for our e-newsletter!
Project detailed (12 )
Shut off the gas and water
Turn off the gas to the hot water heater by transforming the neighboring shutoff valve a quarter turn. When off, the deal with must go to an ideal angle to the pipeline. Shut off the primary water system as well and also drain pipes the lines by opening up a faucet on the most affordable floor.
Drain the water in the storage tank
Connect a yard pipe to the drain shutoff as well as drain the water left in the tank. Caution: The water will be scalding warm! Separate the gas line at the close-by union with a set of wrenches and also loosen the pipeline from the gas control valve with a pipe wrench.
Cut off the water lines
Unscrew the air vent pipeline from the vent hood and relocate sideways. Then reduce the cold and hot water lines with a tube cutter. (Unscrew unions for galvanized pipe or the nuts on adaptable ports if you have them.) Move the old hot water heater off the beaten track.
Affix the relief valve
Wrap the threads of the brand-new temperature level and stress relief valve with Teflon tape (3 turns). Screw it securely into the tank with a monkey wrench. Connect a copper discharge pipeline (see Fig. A for directing information).
Attach pipe settings up
Solder brand-new copper adapters to 6-in. lengths of 3/4-in. copper as well as screw the assemblies right into the warm water electrical outlet and chilly water inlet ports in the top of the tank. Include short, plastic lined nipple areas to protect against galvanic corrosion, especially if you have hard water or if they’re needed by neighborhood codes.
Attach the water lines
Slide the brand-new hot water heater into area, recut or expand the old tubes to meet the new, and solder the tubes with each other utilizing copper slip combinings. If the tubing doesn’t line up, balance out the lines as required with pairs of 45-degree elbow joints.
Reattach the vent
Reconnect the vent. Push it firmly over the draft hood as well as slow with 3 3/8-in. No. 6 sheet metal screws. Predrill the holes. The air vent need to climb at the very least 12 in. vertically before turning at the first elbow.
Usage 2 wrenches to affix the gas line
Reconnect the gas line. Cover the threaded ends with pipeline joint substance and screw the very first nipple area right into the gas shutoff. Use two monkey wrench to avoid stressing the shutoff. Rebuild the remaining nipple areas, ending up with the union (Picture 2). After that follow these 4 actions to load the storage tank: (1) Close the drainpipe valve; (2) transform the water back on at the major shutoff and open up the cold water valve to the hot water heater (leave it open); (3) switch on a close-by hot water tap till water comes out; and also (4) evaluate all the joints and installations for water leaks.
Check for backdrafting
Most water heaters rely on a natural draft to draw combustion fumes up the flue. If the draft doesn’t work, those fumes, perhaps containing deadly carbon monoxide, will certainly spill out into your home. After finishing your installment, check the draft.
Close all outside doors and windows as well as activate your kitchen and bathroom exhaust fans. Then open up a neighboring hot water faucet till you hear the burner in the water heater ignite. After a min, relocate a smoking cigarettes match around the edge of the draft hood (Image 7) in addition to the heater. The smoke needs to be formulated the air vent pipeline. If the smoke does not attract, the fumes from the heater aren’t venting. Shut off the gas to the water heater and also call a certified plumbing professional to deal with the issue.
Look for leakages
Search for bubbles at links
Turn on the gas as well as examine connections for leaks by brushing a 50-50 blend of dishwashing fluid and also water over the joints. If the mixture bubbles, you have a leak. Tighten up or reconnect joints that leak. Wipe the joints completely dry when finished. Call the pipes inspector to check over your job. Adhere to the how-to suggestions that comes with the images to ensure the links are tight.
Light the pilot light
Utilize a lighter to light the pilot burner
Light the pilot light according to the producer’s instructions. (For electric hot water heater, turn the power on at the primary panel after the electrical inspector checks your work.) Ultimately, established the temperature to 120 degrees F., complying with the setup guidelines. Light the pilot light in the brand-new hot water heater as well as readjust the temperature setup. Innovative Plumbing & Drain
Installment Details for Electric Water Heaters
First shut off the power to the water heater at your main electric panel. After that adhere to the very same draining treatments when it comes to a gas hot water heater.
When the water heater is drained pipes, disconnect the electrical cords from the screw terminals under the access panel, which is typically located near the top. (If you do not have electric experience, hire an electrical expert to deal with all the electrical wiring.)
Adhere to the manufacturer’s guidelines for wiring the new water heater. If the brand-new hot water heater is much shorter and also the old wires won’t reach, surface-mount a 4-in. x 4-in. x 1-1/2 in. steel electrical box on the wall or ceiling nearby, run the old cords to package, and afterwards run a brand-new area of armored cable television or electrical avenue to the water heater. Inspect the instructions and make sure the rating of the old fuse or breaker is high enough to manage the brand-new water heater. Additionally, the circuit must have a shutoff button within view of the water heater.
Call your regional electrical assessor before you begin the task. You’ll possibly need a permit. Then, when you’re finished, have the electric examiner check your job.
Aluminum wiring calls for special delivery. If you have aluminum electrical wiring, call in an accredited pro that’s accredited to work with it. This circuitry is boring grey, not the plain orange that’s particular of copper.
Exactly how to Take care of a Hot Water Heater
Jeff Gorton, an editor at The Family members Handyman, will certainly show you exactly how to remove and also get rid of a hot water heater in our video clip tutorial. He will certainly additionally show you the simple means to carry a water heater out of your residence, even if you are working alone.
These suggestions will certainly make your work go quicker as well as easier:
Measure the elevation of your old water heater and also purchase a brand-new one the same height so you don’t need to change the length of the water, gas or electric lines.
The drain valve (Photo 2) on old hot water heater typically congests. If the water drains gradually, hold your horses. CARE: It’s scalding warm! SUGGESTION: Turn your water heater off 2 hrs in advance to allow the water to cool down.
Hot water heater weigh concerning 150 lbs. You’ll need a strong helper or a dolly when you move the old one out and wheel the brand-new one in. Trash solutions usually bill concerning $25 to take the old one. Innovative Plumbing & Drain
Before you begin, acquire the tools and also materials shown right here at a pipes supply or equipment shop or a residence center. Inspect the sizes of the water supply pipes (most will be 3/4 in. like the ones in our pictures) and also buy the right-size fittings. With whatever on hand, you’ll need 4 to 6 hours to complete the task (thinking no large drawbacks!).
The temperature and also pressure safety valve is a safety and security device that limits container pressure and also maintains it from blowing up (Image 4). A brand-new one must be consisted of with every installment. For the shutoff to function correctly, the discharge pipeline must be maintained devoid of obstructions (Fig. A).
In regions with highly mineralized water, or where needed by neighborhood codes, utilize 3/4-in. plastic-lined nipples (regarding $2 each; Picture 5 and also Fig. A) for joining various steels, typically copper tubes to the steel container. This reduces rust.
When connecting the water lines, solder the copper fittings prior to you screw them to the storage tank so you do not heat up the storage tank itself while soldering (Picture 5).
Usage “slip” couplings to connect the old as well as new lines (Photo 6). Unlike regular couplings, they do not have an internal quit. You can glide them on, line up the copper tubing, then move them back and also focus them over the joint.
The brand-new inlets as well as outlets on the tank don’t constantly associate the old supply lines. Solder in a set of 45-degree fittings to offset each line if essential. Likewise change the old shutoff valve with a new round valve while you’re at it (Image 6). Vent diameters are sized according to the heat result of the hot water heater. You could have to increase or reduce the vent dimension to make certain the most effective draft. CAUTION: If you’re uncertain if your chimney has a lining, ask your plumbing inspector. Innovative Pipes & & Drain
Make gas connections with strong steel pipeline (Image 8) or soft copper with flare installations (Fig. A). Both are more trusted and also cheaper than flexible stainless-steel connectors, which are not always permitted. Use stiff copper as opposed to versatile copper water system lines for the exact same reasons.
If you situate your water heater replacement where leak might create damage to the flooring or other parts of the house, established a pan of an accepted size under it (metal for gas hot water heater). The pan needs to have a drainpipe tube that leads to a home drain or various other approved place (outdoors where permitted). The temperature as well as pressure relief valve discharge tube likewise must cause a drainpipe if leak would harm the floorings. If routing is difficult, go over choices with your neighborhood plumbing examiner.
If you reside in an earthquake-prone region, strap the water heater to the wall surface with unique straps (Fig. A; available at pipes stores and also residence centers). Your pipes examiner will tell you if they’re called for.
Set the new water temperature level setting to no more than 120 levels F. to prevent hot.
Scottsdale, AZ 85251
( 602) 892-5634